ESApartnersmeet October2021

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Africa RISING ESA Project Partners Meeting
7 October 2021
Virtual via Ms TEAMS
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  1. A. Kimaro, ICRAF
  2. B. Zemadim, ICRISAT
  3. C. Thierfelder, CIMMYT
  4. D. Mgalla, IITA
  5. E. Swai, TARI-Hombolo
  6. F. Kizito, IITA
  7. F. Muthoni, IITA
  8. G. Fischer, IITA
  9. J. Kihara, Bioversity-CIAT
  10. J. Manda, IITA
  11. J. Odhong, IITA
  12. L. Claessens, IITA
  13. M. Bekunda, IITA
  14. M. Mutenje, IITA (consultant)
  15. P. Okori, ICRISAT
  16. R. Chikowo, MSU
  17. E. Temu, ICRAF
  18. M. Mulundu, ZARI
  19. M. Shitindi, SUA
  20. H. Beliyou, IFPRI
  21. E. Temu, ICRAF
  22. j. Mwololo, ICRISAT-ZW
  23. Y. Muzila, SUA
  24. W. Mhango
  25. F. Michael, IITA
  26. E. Mwambo, IITA
  27. M. Chifuniro, Alliance Bioversity-CIAT
  28. M. Wezzi
  29. I. I.Hoeschle-Zeledon


  • De-risking smallholder based farming in semi-arid central Tanzania-Dr. Patrick Okori (ICRISAT)
  • Biofortified bean value chain in Malawi ( Preliminary results)- Mankhalwa Chifuniro on behalf of Dr. Rowland Chirwa (Alliance Bioversity-CIAT)

File:ESA ppt Patrick Okori.pptx - Patrik Okori (ICRISAT)

  • Download the presentation from the link in the title above.


  • Christian. 00557 is a nice variety and performs in a new environment. One problem is that it coincides with farmers letting goats loose after the maize has matured. That is why we lose yields for our needs. How do you see that in Tanzania context?
  • Patrick. Tanzania has the same problem. They release livestock during the harvest periods ( when the harvest is for maize and later in areas where pigeon pea is common). There is sometimes conflict when it's draught year. However, in specific communities, some bylaws work everywhere.The issues we have pigeonpea have become cash crop therefore, people guide their crops.
  • Christian. We always have problems with some of the varieties' portholes, but Mtawajuni has fewer portholes. Is it something that could be put in the breeding pipeline? Because spry of pigeon pea pots is another cost and other hazards in all of that. But this pest problem, can't that be solved to some better breeding
  • Patrick. The pigeon pea pest problem is an age-old one. Some of the new materials tested are relatives of Mtawajuni and are not adapted besides. There are ongoing efforts to cross Mtawajuni and the other varieties. Mtawajuni and other varieties are now reaching the level for adaptability trials. However, we do not understand the physiology /chemistry; why it gets less infested. There is a missing link to why the pest attacks it less than others. Some reasons could be the early flowering. Further discussion is with the breeder, but still, there is no specific answer
  • Patrick. Comment. The main issue with Mtawajuni and other varieties is the multicolor character. Also, the market doesn't like these varieties when they are dehulled. Overall, the returnable investment when inputs like pesticides are applied helps you get that, but they are profitable.

I can understand the question of environmental protection because most of these pesticides breakthrough quickly, such as the American Ball worm.

  • Comment. Regis.Patrick. You are saying this could not have to do anything with chemistry, it could be related to elevated polyphyly, and this is nutritional things, what human beings don't like it the pest don't want them as well
  • Patrick. The laboratory analysis doesn't seem to support that. They don't provide strong evidence for that
  • Patrick. Comment. The other argument is maybe they have some other votaries
  • Regis. Comment. It should be a good candidate for your breeding if you start crossing with Mtawajuni, and then you move forward by putting those characteristics the gleys that you are working with
  • Patric. Some candidates are progeny delivered from Matamajuni, for example, the Mtamajuni and ICEAP 00557 are siblings; however, they still get heat from the pest. Unless you understand genetics, we could be in a position to understand tolerance, e.t.c
  • Pigeon pea is a whole sequence. There is an effort to the genotype and work backward to compare the similarities we could pick from other systems with legumes and the probability of the problem

File:ESA ppt R.Chirwa2021.pptx - Mankhalwa Chifuniro on behalf of Dr. Rowland Chirwa (Alliance Bioversity-CIAT)

  • Download presentation from link in the title above.


  • Christian. I am interested in the aspect that farmers don't have access to improved seeds; they don't want to buy grain. What challenges do you have, and why can't we overcome that? Wouldn't it be good to work to overcome that?
  • Rowland. Several varieties have been realized, not just in beans. Apart from maize, the uptake by the private sectors produced seeds and trade for farmers to buy has been a challenge to many crops. We have looked at various options and projects we had in Malawi. To some extent, some varieties allow picking up. But the challenge remains. The update is still low. If we talk about the past five years, the uptake of legume seed of improved varieties was coming up, but that was large because agricultural inputs served the problem. And when legumes since last year drooped, the eight suppliers engaged in legume are now have not been taking up the early generation seeds in stock for them to put in the market. We have to look at the other ways to promote the improving seed /varieties to get them in the hand of farmers.
  • Christian. Thank you for the feedback. I had hoped that the farm input supporting program would trigger some form of a market incentive to seed producers, and so, now, as you said, they have dropped again. We are back to square one
  • Wezzi. On the table for challenges, among the three, to what extent are the factors that contribute to low productivity

The table of market issues is the cause of the high variation on standard division from the presented table. In terms of challenges; the poor economic practices, unpredictable weather patterns, and the issue of rainfall are they ranked under their significant The standard deviations were high due to significant variation in the traded prices on the market—that is why standard deviations were high

  • Wezzi. In that case, would it improve to present market efficient depending on the context, different scenarios
  • Chifuniro. Yes, that the following activity of the analysis we break it depending on the different scenarios
  • Yasinta. Comment. The question reflects on the challenges. The farmers produce the low-quality beans because they don't sort the beans, and the trader would buy at low comparing the quality of the produce. Therefore, if made is of low quality, then the traded would offer the low price, and the low price could composite for the grading cost by the traders
  • Chifuniro. To some extent, however, bean production for 2020 was low, so traders were forced to buy low-quality beans at a higher price because of the scarcity.
  • Regis. Sense of biofortified produces either beans are maize rich based, the NUA 45, etc., did you see any recognization from the traders or farmers either these are unique products to them? , they seem not to put the premium biofortified. Can you comment on this?
  • Chifuniro. What I have observed from data collection, farmers are aware of the nutrient value of the biofortified beans. But traders focus on the grain size. Much of the NUA 45 is based on appearance, such as size less than nutrition value. Awareness activities are going on, and we introduced to the component of the school feeding program to create more awareness